American Legends: From Calder to O'Keeffe
Audio Guide Playlist

This audio guide highlights selected works by artists in American Legends: From Calder to O’Keeffe. Curators, scholars, and artists provide additional commentary.


NARRATOR: Bluemner believed that color could portray abstract emotional states, much as music did. He developed a system of color symbolism, equating color with emotional communication and mystical meaning. He concentrated on composing landscapes using planes of pure color. He identified red, which for him symbolized energy, power, and life, as his signature color, and boldly adopted “The Vermillionaire” as a pseudonym in 1929.



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